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== Course description ==
 
== Course description ==
This course is on subjectivity....blah blah blah
+
Subjectivity, aka 1st person experience,  is an aspect of the famous mind/body problem that is at least partially tractable. The course will explore a wide variety of past and future experiments for learning about the neural and embodied basis for subjectivity. Each week we will have a paper or two to read and possibly a video from world leaders in the field. Then when we meet we will typically have discussions, rather than lectures, on that week’s topic. Two things that will be expected from enrolled students are: 1) A weekly question for the speaker, to be turned in based on the readings. 2) A final proposed experiment to test some unsolved mystery that can be based on science. Discussion on your proposals would be the topic for the last class.  
 
+
This is a new course...
+
  
 
=== Instructors ===
 
=== Instructors ===
Line 8: Line 6:
 
[http://cornea.berkeley.edu '''Stan Klein''']
 
[http://cornea.berkeley.edu '''Stan Klein''']
 
* Email: sklein@berkeley.edu
 
* Email: sklein@berkeley.edu
* Office: Minor
+
* Office: 420 Minor Hall
 +
* Office hours: immediately following lecture
 +
 
 +
Jerry Feldman
 +
* Email: jfeldman@cs.berkeley.edu
 +
* Office: 739 Soda Hall
 
* Office hours: immediately following lecture
 
* Office hours: immediately following lecture
  
 
=== Lectures ===
 
=== Lectures ===
 
* '''Location''': 560 Evans (Redwood Center conference room)
 
* '''Location''': 560 Evans (Redwood Center conference room)
* '''Times''': Thursday - 2:00  
+
* '''Times''': Thursday :2:00 - 4:00
  
 
=== Enrollment information ===
 
=== Enrollment information ===
 
* Open to both undergraduate and graduate students, subject to background requirements specified below.
 
* Open to both undergraduate and graduate students, subject to background requirements specified below.
* '''Telebears''': {CCN, Section, Units, Grade Option} == {xx, xx, xx, xx}
+
* Undergraduates should contact Prof. Klein for enrollment information
 +
* '''Telebears''': {CCN 40715, Section 3, Units 2, Grade Option PNP}
  
=== Email list and forum ===
+
==Videos of Previous Lectures==
* Please subscribe to the class email list [http://lists.berkeley.edu here]. The list name is xxx.
+
  
=== Grading ===
+
[https://archive.org/details/ucb_vs298-3_2017_08_24 Week 1 (Introduction)]
Based on....
+
  
=== Required background===
+
[https://archive.org/details/ucb_vs298-3_2017_08_31 Week 2 (Stan Klein)]
Prerequisites are ...
+
 
 +
[https://archive.org/details/ucb_vs298-3_2017_09_07 Week 3 (Jerry Feldman)]
 +
 
 +
[https://archive.org/details/ucb_vs298-3_2017_09_14 Week 4 (Peter Tse; has both camcorder & zoom version)]
 +
 
 +
[https://archive.org/details/ucb_vs298-3_2017_09_21 Week 5 (Ken Nakayama)]
 +
 
 +
[https://archive.org/details/ucb_vs298-3_2017_09_28 Week 6 (Bruno Olshausen)]
 +
 
 +
[https://archive.org/details/ucb_vs298-3_2017_10_05 Week 7 (Terry Regier and Rich Ivry)]
 +
 
 +
[https://archive.org/details/ucb_vs298-3_2017_10_12 Week 8 (Review & discussion of richness of visual world Klein & Feldman)]
 +
 
 +
[https://archive.org/details/ucb_vs298-3_2017_10_19 Week 9 (Ken Nakayama)]
 +
 
 +
[https://archive.org/details/ucb_vs298-3_2017_10_26 Week 10 (Michael Cohen)]
 +
 
 +
[https://archive.org/details/ucb_vs298-3_2017_11_02 Week 11 (Shin Shimojo)]
 +
 
 +
[https://archive.org/details/ucb_vs298-3_2017_11_09 Week 12 (Brian Odegaard and Bob Knight)]
 +
 
 +
[https://archive.org/details/ucb_vs298-3_2017_11_30 Week 14 (Christof Koch)]
  
 
== Reading ==
 
== Reading ==
  
Readings are available on bDrive here:
 
  
  
  
== Syllabus ==
+
===== Week 1: 8/24 Introductory Discussion  Stan Klein and Jerry Feldman =====
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6zpPz8hxK6Bc1dVS3dSVHNYVkk Liliana Albertazzi (Ed) Handbook of Experimental Phenomenology, Mar 15, 2013 Review by Nicolo Valenti]
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6zpPz8hxK6BcDFaSWw3V2ZETVU Ken Nakayama’s course outline on Consciousness]
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B64PUIBJG_mSTjNRQWVOa2FWbmc Chalmers Constructing a Science of Consciousness]
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6zpPz8hxK6BNU85WncwdnMzWTA Assumptions for Course]
 +
 
 +
*Note that for week 1 there is no need to read the material before coming to class. The first meeting will be a general introduction.  These articles will be mentioned.
 +
 
 +
=====Week 2: 8/31 Hard Problems and Psychophysical Methodology.  Stan Klein=====
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6zpPz8hxK6BelFfZF8yRmw3aGM Block Carmel Fleming kentridge Koch Lau Lamme Rosenthal,  Consciousness science: real progress and lingering misconceptions. This 2 page paper was passed out.]
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6zpPz8hxK6Bc2dhbHRjVWJoNW8 Sejnowski, T. J. Churchland, P.S. Movshon, J.A. Putting big data to good use in neuroscience, Nature Neuroscience, 17, 1440-1441, 2014. This 2 page paper was passed out. ]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6zpPz8hxK6BMHBqYU9Ud29GVlE Stan Klein “Using Psychic Phenomena To Connect Mind to Brain using Quantum Mechanics” A skeptic’s view.]
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6zpPz8hxK6BNEVna3FaTi1ONkk Stan Klein Will Robots See?]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B64PUIBJG_mSZ1U2WEpYeVY2OUU Stephen Fleming Metacognition (will be discussed, no need to read it) ]
 +
 
 +
=====Week 3: 9/7  Binding problems and Vision Mysteries  Jerry Feldman=====
 +
 
 +
Feldman, The Neural Binding Problem(s)  *skip section 3  [ftp://ftp.icsi.berkeley.edu/pub/feldman/binding.cody.pdf click here]
 +
 
 +
Feldman, Visual Experience  http://arxiv.org/abs/1604.08612
 +
 
 +
Feldman, Redwood Center talk on Binding Problem https://archive.org/details/Redwood_Center_2012_06_27_Jerome_Feldman
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6zpPz8hxK6BNU85WncwdnMzWTA Assumptions for Course]
 +
 
 +
=====Week 4: 9/14 Attention and Appearance Peter Tse=====
 +
 
 +
Chapter in “Handbook of Experimental Phenomenolgy
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6zpPz8hxK6BXzB4T3MwLWZ6N0U “How Attention Can Alter Appearances”]
 +
Peter Tse, Eric Reavis, Peter Kohler,  Gideon Caplovitz, Thalia Wheatley
 +
 
 +
=====Week 5:  9/21  Subjective Contours  Ken Nakayama =====
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6zpPz8hxK6BMXRZM2VjTGllemM Nakayama, K. , He, Z.J. and Shimojo, S. Visual surface representation: a critical link between lower-level and higher level vision. 1995  READ ONLY Pages 1-21]
 +
 
 +
Lecture  by KN at Redwood center  hand out red cyan glasses
 +
https://archive.org/details/Redwood_Center_1012_01_11_Ken_Nakayama
 +
 
 +
=====Week 6: 9/28  Deep Learning and Subjectivity    Bruno Olshausen=====
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6zpPz8hxK6Bc2dhbHRjVWJoNW8 Sejnowski, T. J. Churchland, P.S. Movshon, J.A. Putting big data to good use in neuroscience, Nature Neuroscience, 17, 1440-1441, 2014] * same as week 1 reading
 +
 
 +
Neuroscience-Inspired Artificial Intelligence
 +
Demis Hassabis, Dharshan Kumaran, Christopher Summerfield, Matthew Botvinick
 +
http://www.cell.com/neuron/pdf/S0896-6273%2817%2930509-3.pdf
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6zpPz8hxK6BT0VlTVFjMXpFY0E Bruno Olshausen. Perception-as-Inference.  The Cognitive Neurosciences.  V.M Gazzniga & R. Mangun, Eds MIT Press.  (2013).]
 +
 
 +
=====Week 7: 10/5  Color Experience and the Whorf Hypothesis  Terry Regier & Rich Ivry=====
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6zpPz8hxK6BVmktMWRDS0xPWm8 Whorf hypothesis is supported in the right visual field but not the left]
 +
Gilbert, Regier, Kay, Ivry, 489–494, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0509868103
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B64PUIBJG_mScWs3dVRITnR3ZjA Whorfian effects on colour memory are not reliable.]
 +
Wright O, Davies IR, Franklin A.    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove). 2015;68(4):745-58.
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B64PUIBJG_mSSDR2OWlITmNSZ0E/view?usp=sharing Regier Xu Whorf under uncertainty]
 +
 
 +
=====Week 8: 10/12  Day for Discussion of previous talks and preparation for the week 10 Cohen/Koch controversy to be discussed by Cohen =====
 +
 
 +
=====Week 9: 10/19 Wm. James on Subjectivity (and Phenomenology)  Ken Nakayama =====
 +
[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B64PUIBJG_mSbTBKWUxNNk1xTE0/view?usp=sharing William James, Chapter 11 “The Stream of Consciousness” in Psychology: A briefer Course (p 151-176)]
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6zpPz8hxK6BcDFaSWw3V2ZETVU Also Ken’s Course Syllabus]
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B64PUIBJG_mSOE1hLUtWejFUTjQ/view?usp=sharing Attentional Requirements of Consciousness, Cohen et al.]
 +
 
 +
=====Week 10: 10/26 Richness of Experience Michael Cohen=====
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6zpPz8hxK6BNXk1R1R5QTluejA CohenMA, DennettDC, KanwisherN. What is the bandwidth of perceptual experience?]
 +
Trends Cogn Sci 2016; 20:324-35
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B64PUIBJG_mSTm9GSTYtVVpIUDg/view?usp=sharing Cohen Dennet Kanwisher: A response to comments on main article]
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6zpPz8hxK6BYW5ocDBJY1loMmM Are we underestimating the richness of visual experience?] Andrew M. Haun, Giulio Tononi, Christof Koch, Naotsugu Tsuchiya; Neuroscience of Consciousness Journal 2017
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B64PUIBJG_mSbURFeHR6R2JaYW8/view?usp=sharing Metamers of the ventral stream] Freeman and Simoncelli
 +
 
 +
=====Week 11: 11/2    Postdiction, and myths around “quaila”,  Shin Shimojo =====
 +
 
 +
B. Libet on “time marker” & “backward referral."  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4612-0355-1_9.
 +
 
 +
A direct application of this to visual processing:    Nishida & Johnston (2002). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S096098220200698X.
 +
 
 +
Shimojo (2014) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3978293/.
 +
 
 +
=====Week 12: 11/9  PreFrontal Cortex and Subjectivity  Brian Odegaard & Robert Knight=====
 +
Should a Few Null Findings Falsify Prefrontal Theories of Conscious Perception? Brian Odegaard, Robert T Knight, Hakwan Lau doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/122267
 +
 
 +
[https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6zpPz8hxK6BYXVVTkJJZDVRZGc Neural correlates of consciousness: progress and problems]  - Nature Reviews Neuroscience
 +
Christof Koch, Marcello Massimini,,; Melanie Boly,; & Giulio Tononi,.
 +
 
 +
=====Week 13: 11/16 Science article by Dehaene, Hakwan Lau & Koulder and WSJ article by Christof Koch  =====
 +
We will discuss the recent Science article [https://drive.google.com/file/d/15DSZ0Vm45F_rqb_z4z8YKlQVb9jtIaCJ/view?usp=sharing "What is Consciousness and Could Machines Have It?"]
 +
 
 +
We will also discuss the recent WallStreet Journal article by Christof Koch titled "To Keep Up With AI, We'll Need High Tech Brains." [https://drive.google.com/file/d/1pZ3w7eXV2_Y6ychvMON1pp2zXrkSidzt/view?usp=sharing AI and High Tech Brains WSJ]
  
First week
+
=====Week 14:  11/30 Neural Correlates of Consciousness and Integrated Information Theory,  Christof Koch=====
 +
[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B64PUIBJG_mSb1RSc09iYWluVjA/view?usp=sharing Neural Correlates of Consciousness: Progress and Problems. Koch et al]
  
Second week
+
[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B64PUIBJG_mSb1VsVndLRmJ4eTg/view?usp=sharing Integrated Information Theory: From Consciousness to Its Physical Substrate.  Tononi and Koch]
  
Third week
+
[https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B64PUIBJG_mSMDZkR2ExTGFOM0U/view?usp=sharing Scientific American, November, 2017: Building a Consciousness Meter.  Koch]

Latest revision as of 01:10, 8 December 2017

Course description

Subjectivity, aka 1st person experience, is an aspect of the famous mind/body problem that is at least partially tractable. The course will explore a wide variety of past and future experiments for learning about the neural and embodied basis for subjectivity. Each week we will have a paper or two to read and possibly a video from world leaders in the field. Then when we meet we will typically have discussions, rather than lectures, on that week’s topic. Two things that will be expected from enrolled students are: 1) A weekly question for the speaker, to be turned in based on the readings. 2) A final proposed experiment to test some unsolved mystery that can be based on science. Discussion on your proposals would be the topic for the last class.

Instructors

Stan Klein

  • Email: sklein@berkeley.edu
  • Office: 420 Minor Hall
  • Office hours: immediately following lecture

Jerry Feldman

  • Email: jfeldman@cs.berkeley.edu
  • Office: 739 Soda Hall
  • Office hours: immediately following lecture

Lectures

  • Location: 560 Evans (Redwood Center conference room)
  • Times: Thursday  :2:00 - 4:00

Enrollment information

  • Open to both undergraduate and graduate students, subject to background requirements specified below.
  • Undergraduates should contact Prof. Klein for enrollment information
  • Telebears: {CCN 40715, Section 3, Units 2, Grade Option PNP}

Videos of Previous Lectures

Week 1 (Introduction)

Week 2 (Stan Klein)

Week 3 (Jerry Feldman)

Week 4 (Peter Tse; has both camcorder & zoom version)

Week 5 (Ken Nakayama)

Week 6 (Bruno Olshausen)

Week 7 (Terry Regier and Rich Ivry)

Week 8 (Review & discussion of richness of visual world Klein & Feldman)

Week 9 (Ken Nakayama)

Week 10 (Michael Cohen)

Week 11 (Shin Shimojo)

Week 12 (Brian Odegaard and Bob Knight)

Week 14 (Christof Koch)

Reading

Week 1: 8/24 Introductory Discussion Stan Klein and Jerry Feldman

Liliana Albertazzi (Ed) Handbook of Experimental Phenomenology, Mar 15, 2013 Review by Nicolo Valenti

Ken Nakayama’s course outline on Consciousness

Chalmers Constructing a Science of Consciousness

Assumptions for Course

  • Note that for week 1 there is no need to read the material before coming to class. The first meeting will be a general introduction. These articles will be mentioned.
Week 2: 8/31 Hard Problems and Psychophysical Methodology. Stan Klein

Block Carmel Fleming kentridge Koch Lau Lamme Rosenthal, Consciousness science: real progress and lingering misconceptions. This 2 page paper was passed out.

Sejnowski, T. J. Churchland, P.S. Movshon, J.A. Putting big data to good use in neuroscience, Nature Neuroscience, 17, 1440-1441, 2014. This 2 page paper was passed out.


Stan Klein “Using Psychic Phenomena To Connect Mind to Brain using Quantum Mechanics” A skeptic’s view.

Stan Klein Will Robots See?


Stephen Fleming Metacognition (will be discussed, no need to read it)

Week 3: 9/7 Binding problems and Vision Mysteries Jerry Feldman

Feldman, The Neural Binding Problem(s) *skip section 3 click here

Feldman, Visual Experience http://arxiv.org/abs/1604.08612

Feldman, Redwood Center talk on Binding Problem https://archive.org/details/Redwood_Center_2012_06_27_Jerome_Feldman

Assumptions for Course

Week 4: 9/14 Attention and Appearance Peter Tse

Chapter in “Handbook of Experimental Phenomenolgy “How Attention Can Alter Appearances” Peter Tse, Eric Reavis, Peter Kohler, Gideon Caplovitz, Thalia Wheatley

Week 5: 9/21 Subjective Contours Ken Nakayama

Nakayama, K. , He, Z.J. and Shimojo, S. Visual surface representation: a critical link between lower-level and higher level vision. 1995 READ ONLY Pages 1-21

Lecture by KN at Redwood center hand out red cyan glasses https://archive.org/details/Redwood_Center_1012_01_11_Ken_Nakayama

Week 6: 9/28 Deep Learning and Subjectivity Bruno Olshausen

Sejnowski, T. J. Churchland, P.S. Movshon, J.A. Putting big data to good use in neuroscience, Nature Neuroscience, 17, 1440-1441, 2014 * same as week 1 reading

Neuroscience-Inspired Artificial Intelligence Demis Hassabis, Dharshan Kumaran, Christopher Summerfield, Matthew Botvinick http://www.cell.com/neuron/pdf/S0896-6273%2817%2930509-3.pdf

Bruno Olshausen. Perception-as-Inference. The Cognitive Neurosciences. V.M Gazzniga & R. Mangun, Eds MIT Press. (2013).

Week 7: 10/5 Color Experience and the Whorf Hypothesis Terry Regier & Rich Ivry

Whorf hypothesis is supported in the right visual field but not the left Gilbert, Regier, Kay, Ivry, 489–494, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0509868103

Whorfian effects on colour memory are not reliable. Wright O, Davies IR, Franklin A. Q J Exp Psychol (Hove). 2015;68(4):745-58.

Regier Xu Whorf under uncertainty

Week 8: 10/12 Day for Discussion of previous talks and preparation for the week 10 Cohen/Koch controversy to be discussed by Cohen
Week 9: 10/19 Wm. James on Subjectivity (and Phenomenology) Ken Nakayama

William James, Chapter 11 “The Stream of Consciousness” in Psychology: A briefer Course (p 151-176)

Also Ken’s Course Syllabus

Attentional Requirements of Consciousness, Cohen et al.

Week 10: 10/26 Richness of Experience Michael Cohen

CohenMA, DennettDC, KanwisherN. What is the bandwidth of perceptual experience? Trends Cogn Sci 2016; 20:324-35

Cohen Dennet Kanwisher: A response to comments on main article

Are we underestimating the richness of visual experience? Andrew M. Haun, Giulio Tononi, Christof Koch, Naotsugu Tsuchiya; Neuroscience of Consciousness Journal 2017

Metamers of the ventral stream Freeman and Simoncelli

Week 11: 11/2 Postdiction, and myths around “quaila”, Shin Shimojo

B. Libet on “time marker” & “backward referral." https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4612-0355-1_9.

A direct application of this to visual processing: Nishida & Johnston (2002). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S096098220200698X.

Shimojo (2014) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3978293/.

Week 12: 11/9 PreFrontal Cortex and Subjectivity Brian Odegaard & Robert Knight

Should a Few Null Findings Falsify Prefrontal Theories of Conscious Perception? Brian Odegaard, Robert T Knight, Hakwan Lau doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/122267

Neural correlates of consciousness: progress and problems - Nature Reviews Neuroscience Christof Koch, Marcello Massimini,,; Melanie Boly,; & Giulio Tononi,.

Week 13: 11/16 Science article by Dehaene, Hakwan Lau & Koulder and WSJ article by Christof Koch

We will discuss the recent Science article "What is Consciousness and Could Machines Have It?"

We will also discuss the recent WallStreet Journal article by Christof Koch titled "To Keep Up With AI, We'll Need High Tech Brains." AI and High Tech Brains WSJ

Week 14: 11/30 Neural Correlates of Consciousness and Integrated Information Theory, Christof Koch

Neural Correlates of Consciousness: Progress and Problems. Koch et al

Integrated Information Theory: From Consciousness to Its Physical Substrate. Tononi and Koch

Scientific American, November, 2017: Building a Consciousness Meter. Koch

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